Sursagar Lake, earlier known as Chandan Talav, was rebuilt in the 18th century with stone banks and masonry. It is now used for boating and is a splendid sight especially on moonlit nights. This lake remains full of water throughout the year. In 2002, the Vadodara Mahanagar Seva Sadan (VMSS) installed a 120-foot tall statue of Lord Shiva in the middle of this lake. Several underground gates have been constructed to empty the lake before it overflows; the excess water is channeled into the Vishwamitri river which flows through the city. The lake is also used for the immersion of idols after religious festivals. The city’s famous Music College (India’s first such college) overlooks the lake, and it takes just a minute to walk across to the Nyaya Mandir.
A Bit of History: Once upon a time there was a pond – called Chandan Talav – outside the walled city of Baroda. Around 1757 AD, Sureshwar Desai (a tax collector in the Mughal era who earlier went by the name of Sureshwar Pandya) renovated and excavated the pond and built earthen ‘ghats’ with embankments. The pond was then named after him, and thus called Sursagar. Later, Malharrao Gaekwad made ‘pucca’ embankments. In the 1990s, remains of an ancient temple were found from its bed.